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Scientific View


Ionic Minerals, Free Radicals, Acids, & Ionic Calcium

This is a time when knowledge of chemistry will have significance in your life. Scientific knowledge can help us make intelligent decisions regarding our health. The current model of health being promoted regarding health is failing us. Some are living only approximately half their life span. Knowledge can remedy the problems that create disease and rapid aging. We need first to understand the problem and then put new principles into action. I stress that understanding the problem is the beginning of the solution. The solution is a path that must be followed on a continual basis.

The purpose of this article is to give you a better understanding of ionic minerals and free radicals, their similarities and their differences. I explain how acids cause disease, the unique properties of ionic calcium, and how important ionic minerals are. Some information will probably be a review of your high school chemistry. This information is simplified but can help you understand one aspect of underlying diseases. If you have questions, feel free to call or email me for more information.

The Structure of the Atom

An atom is basically made up of three parts: protons, electron, and neutrons. Protons have a positive electrical charge, electrons a negative charge, and neutrons have a neutral electrical charge. The protons and the neutrons combine together to form the nucleus, or the central part, and the negatively charged electrons orbit the nucleus like the planets orbit the sun. Understanding the electrical charges is very important. Normally there are an equal number of positively charged protons and negatively charged electrons in an atom leaving a net neutral charge. There are times when an atom will become imbalanced, that is there will be fewer or more electrons than protons giving them an electrical charge thus making them reactive. Sometimes this form is beneficial and sometimes it brings disastrous results - as you will see.

Electron Shells

Electrons are arranged around the Nucleus in SHELLS. For simplicity, they can be thought of like mini-planets orbiting a central sun, but it is closer to the truth to think of them as "clouds" of electric charge around the Nucleus. The shells are thought to be concentric rings as shown in the diagram below.

The shells are numbered outward from the Nucleus. The maximum number of electrons found in each shell can be calculated by 2n2 where "n" is the number of the shell. This is the theoretical maximum. Most of the time with the simpler elements we are dealing with, the shells start filling up with only 8 electrons and then start the next shell. However, the first shell will always hold only two.
The Octet Rule: In general, atoms are most stable when they have 8 electrons in their outer-most shell. The exception is the first shell, which is most stable with TWO electrons. I will be dealing with only the first five shells in this presentation since most elements in biology have electrons in these five shells. The following chart shows the theoretical maximum atoms in each shell.


Maximum Number
of Electrons
in the Shell


2 x 1 = 2


2 x 4 = 8


2 x 9 = 18


2 x 16 = 32


2 x 25 = 50

Free Radicals

Free radical is a term that is often misunderstood. It is actually quite simple. A free radical is an atom that has an unpaired electron in its outer shell, or the atom is unstable because its outer shell is not filled. This makes the atom reactive and causes it to search out and "steal" electrons from other stable atoms. This, in turn, causes the stable atom to become unstable and a free radical itself. This new free radical will do the same thing, and a chain reaction of electron stealing takes place. Every time an electron is torn from the atom a small atomic explosion takes place and most often it causes cellular damage.

The free radical is the starting place for virtually every disease, illness and aging. Scientists have known this for years but medicine is refusing to acknowledge it. In medical textbooks there is information about free radicals being the cause of disease. Some doctors will acknowledge that free radicals are the basic cause of disease, but since they don't have any drugs to treat free radicals, they continue to administer drugs, which are often sources of more free radicals.

Dr. Denham Harmon, M.D., Ph.D. is regarded as the father of the free radical theory of aging. He first proposed that the indiscriminate chemical reactivity of free radicals led to biological damage.


The most common form of dangerous free radicals is oxygen. Hence the name anti-oxidant. We must have oxygen to live but it can become actually a source of disease and death. Since oxygen is the most common type of free radical the method of neutralizing all free radicals has taken on the name "anti-oxygen" or "anti-oxidant."

An antioxidant can be thought of as an "electron donor". That is, it is an atom that has "extra" electrons that it can give to neutralize the free radical and not become a free radical itself. That last part of that statement is the most important. Common antioxidants are Vitamin C and E, phytonutrients such as Proanthocyanidins, beta carotene, ellagic acid, and minerals like calcium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, cesium, and rubidium.

It is absolutely imperative that we consume antioxidants in our daily intake of food because of the high number of free radicals we are exposed to every day. Antioxidants can slow down and destroy free radicals. In 1954, when Dr. Harmon made his free radical and antioxidant discoveries there were only a few antioxidants known. Today it is known that a wide variety of antioxidants are needed to neutralize the vast number of free radicals that are found in our environment. No longer are Vitamins E and C, zinc, and selenium going to do the job. Tens of thousands of complicated chemical compound substances are causing free radical activity in our environment. We need to be aware and prepared to fight these unwanted chemical compounds. pH, Acids, and Alkalis.

The effect of acids is one and the same as the effect of free radicals. Acids are free radicals with (only) hydrogen being the substance doing the damage. Hydrogen, with only one electron in its outer shell is a free radical in its natural state. An acid is a fluid that has a high concentration of hydrogen ions. To further explain acids I need to discuss the pH scale which measures the potential of hydrogen, that is the positively charged hydrogen ions (H+) and secondarily, the negatively charged hydroxide ions (OH-). Notice that if you were to combine the two, you would get a water molecule, (H+ + OH- = HOH = H2O) or water.

Again, I am going to keep it simple so we can focus on what pH means to our health. First of all, the pH (potential of Hydrogen) scale is a number line from zero to fourteen. Seven in the middle of the scale is regarded to be neutral, neither acid nor alkaline. Anything above seven on the number line is regarded to be alkaline, while anything below seven is regarded to be acidic. A pH test involves the use of litmus paper or some other means measurement to determine the amount of hydrogen ions present in a solution.

Each pH unit represents a tenfold difference of the H+ and OH- concentration. It is this mathematical feature that makes the pH scale so compact. For example a solution of pH 5 is not twice as acidic as a solution of pH 7, but a hundred times more acidic (10x10 = 100). So when the pH of a solution changes slightly, it actually changes the concentrations of H+ and OH- substantially. The pH of your blood has to remain constant at 7.4. If it were to drop to 7.3 you would die within a short time. That is only one tenth of a unit on the scale but it represents a doubling of the amount of hydrogen ions in your blood; you are twice as acidic as you should be. So even small changes in blood pH can be disastrous. Our bodies chemically do everything possible to keep the blood pH balanced. When the pH becomes to acid we are in big trouble.

When we have people do saliva pH tests in the morning and the reading comes out at 6.5 some people say, "That's not too bad." Excuse me but it is bad. Their saliva is nine times more acidic than it should be. Another way to say it is: Their saliva is 900% more acidic than normal. When you put it that way people will put it into proper prospective. The pH levels of the saliva can be a fairly accurate indicator of the health of the body. People with known diseases almost always check acidic…between 4.5-7.0. Healthy people usually register an alkaline 7.0-7.5. The exception to this is with people who smoke. Their bodies are so acidic that minerals are being pulled out of the bones and concentrated in the mouth area where the free radical substances are concentrated, and this gives a false reading to the test. It is astonishing to discover that one puff off of a tobacco or marijuana product, or any other kind of smoke cause more than 375,000 free radicals to form in the body. Read that again, that's every puff. These free radicals make the body very acidic, and that leads to degenerative disease.

It is always important to keep the fluids in our bodies slightly alkaline in order for all the functions to take place. If our blood becomes slightly acidic we would shortly die, so the body compensates by pulling minerals from the bones to keep us alkaline. Here is a quote from Dr Arthur Guyton, MD, one of the most recognized authors on human physiology, from his book Textbook of Medical Physiology, which is used to train medical students:

"The first step in maintaining health is to alkalize the body. The cells of a healthy body are alkaline, while the cells of a diseased body are acidic, below a pH of 7.0. The more acidic the cells, the sicker we become. If the body cannot alkalize the cells they become acidic and thus disease sets in. Our bodies produce acid as a byproduct of normal metabolism. But our bodies do nor manufacture alkalinity, so we must supply the alkalinity from an outside source to keep us from becoming acidic and dying."

What Dr. Guyton said is the key to maintaining health. We need to alkalize the body from an outside source. Supplying our bodies with good alkaline minerals from an outside source is easier said than done! Not all mineral forms are bio-available, and our food is generally being raised on land that is mineral deficient and therefore our food is mineral deficient. Study after study has shown how much our food has decreased in quality. For example, did you know that in 1948 a cup of spinach contained 158 mg of Iron? By 1965, a cup of spinach contained only 27 mg of iron. Today, a cup spinach contains 2 mg. You would have to eat 79 cups of spinach to get the same nutritional content from food from just over fifty years ago. This is a problem that is not going to get better. Supplementation is not just an option anymore. It's a requirement, if you want to be healthy. Ionic Minerals.

It is common sense that if the minerals are not in your food anymore you can't absorb them into your system. What is not so easy to understand is that the minerals have to be in the proper form or the body cannot use them. When you see "calcium" on all the labels of all the prepackaged food in the grocery stores, is that calcium good for you? Most calcium is very poorly absorbed. So why do they add it to the products? The answer is, because it is cheap and they will sell enormous amounts of the product because people think that it is good for them.

To illustrate this I'm going to use a water molecule. Just about everyone knows that water is made up of two atoms of Hydrogen and one of Oxygen. Now the atomic weight of hydrogen is 1.008 and the atomic weight of oxygen is 16. There are two atoms of hydrogen, so that adds up to the atomic weight of 2.016, and one of oxygen, so that's 16 atomic weight. So, by weight, there is about eight times as much oxygen in water as there is hydrogen. Water is, by far, mostly oxygen. Now can you breathe water? The answer is, of course not! What I've just made known to you is that elements can be bound up in a chemical formulation that makes them unusable to the body. You would have to split up the water molecule into hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis before you could breath that oxygen. The same thing happens with minerals. They are locked up in forms that are unusable to the body and they pass through non dissolved and unused. Any mineral you take into your body has to be in an ionized form or our body chemistry must convert them into the ionized form, through digestion before it can be used.

Ionized means they are single atoms and that they have an electrical charge because they have gained or lost electrons. Remember the Octet Rule? Most of the elements will either gain or lose electrons to make themselves stable or they will bind themselves to other atoms forming molecules or salts to relieve themselves of their instability. In general, atoms that have less than half their fill on the outer electron shell will lose their electrons to become stable, and thus become positively charged, while those with more than half will take on electrons to stabilize themselves and become negatively charged.

The Structure of Calcium

Calcium is a mineral that has some very unique characteristics that make it indispensable for life. First of all, calcium has twenty electrons. Two in the first shell, eight in the second, eight in the third, and two in the fourth, outermost, shell. This means that calcium is an electron donor. It will give up the two electrons in its outermost shell in order to stabilize itself. These electrons can be used to neutralize free radicals, a common factor in all degenerative disease. Because the calcium ion has a full outer shell (after it gives up its two electrons) it is stable and will not act as a free radical. In fact, ionic calcium is the only biologically active form of calcium in the human body! To put it simply, all forms of calcium, except the ionic form, are totally useless to the body. There are 147 known uses for calcium in the body and the lack of calcium is called hypocalcaemia. It is truly the most important mineral for our existence. Scientists have given the name "ionic calcium deficiency disease" as the initiator for over 150 different degenerative diseases.

The idea that the doubly positively charge calcium ion (Ca++) could neutralize acids gave me a headache for a long time. I knew that positively charged atoms were free radicals. I just couldn't figure it out. What I found out was it is more important, not that the atom has an electrical charge, but whether it is stable or not. When an atom or molecule is unstable it is called a free radical regardless if there is an electrical charge or not. Hydrogen in its natural state is a free radical because it has only one electron in its outer shell. It is unstable. Why ionic calcium is so important is because it has already given not one but two electrons that are used to stop unstable free radicals from continuing in their chain reaction of electron stealing.

There is no other element that can take the place of calcium. Its size, the number of electrons, the way they are positioned in the shells, etc. all make calcium very unique. Some of the 147 roles that ionic calcium plays in the body are these:

· It is crucial for the formation and maintenance of bones and teeth.
· Keeps the blood, lymph, and body alkaline.
· It is the part of the substance that holds the cells together. Known as the knitter by
xIridology professionals. Dr. Benard Jenson called calcium the knitter of our body.
· Crucial for muscle contractions and relaxations (including the heart).
· It is used for urine filtration.
· Regulates the opening of cells for nutrient transport through the cell walls and xallows    the xtransport of most nutrients into the cells.
· Allows brain an nerve cells to communicate with each other.
· Produces voltage for all biochemical reactions with the body.
· Responsible for DNA replication and triggers DNA synthesis in a fertilized egg.
· Is an essential building block of enzymes and hormones.
· Helps balance our blood components.

It is the lack of ionic calcium that leads to the development of over 150 different degenerative diseases. Notice that it is not simply a lack of calcium in the diet. Bone spurs, kidney stones, and gallstones are also caused by a imbalance of ionic calcium not by an excess of calcium as some older medical books propose. When our bodies become acidic because of lack of minerals in our diets, our bodies have no choice but to leech calcium out of our bones to neutralize the acid. Unfortunately, when our bodies do this the calcium is not efficiently used and begins to form these stones or spurs. The reason we know this is scientists have given calcium with radioactive markers to subjects and none of the dietary calcium showed up in the stones or spurs. One hundred percent of the calcium came from the leeching process of the bones. Just be aware of this next time someone tells you that you have too much calcium in your blood. You probably have a raging calcium deficiency. Reducing your calcium intake will only make it worse causing more stones and osteoporosis until your only option is surgery. Reduce ones acid diet would improve both calcium balance and leeching of calcium from our bones. Coral Calcium, the King of Nutritional Supplements

I have already spent much time talking about ionic coral calcium in the many other articles, but I will make the exceptional aspects of the coral clearer here. There are many coral products in the market today, but they are not all created equal. First of all, only Sango Coral from Okinawa has life-giving benefits. There are more than 2,500 different species of coral in the world, but only Sango Coral has an almost identical natural chemical composition to human bone. This means it is not just calcium but it is also magnesium, phosphorus, boron, zinc, gold, copper, and more than seventy other minerals in harmony with our chemical make up. All the minerals are present and most importantly they are all in proper proportion to one another. There is no better mineral supplement in the world.

The Coral in the sachet form is absolutely the best because it is absorbed into the body completely and in the shortest amount of time. Usually, Vitamin D is needed for the absorption of calcium when it is taken in the conventional form. The coral calcium in the sachet form does not need vitamin D to be absorbed because it is ionic and is absorbed completely into the system in ten to twenty minutes. Not the ten to twenty hours that all other calcium supplements take for absorption, including coral calcium in the capsule form.

The problem with all forms of calcium and other minerals, other than the ionic forms, is this: The body absolutely cannot use minerals unless they are in the ionic form. This means all mineral supplements, including Sango Coral Calcium in the capsule form, has to go through the digestive process and will neutralize the stomach acid you need for digestion. If you neutralize your stomach acid you will have trouble digesting your food. This is especially true if you are over forty years of age because your body only produces a fraction of the hydrochloric acid of the twenty year old.

Click on "Lab Comparison".